Roots, Logarithms & Trigonometry

Square & cubed Root

Function

Name

Behaviour

sqrt()

Square Root

Returns the square root of a number (also √)

cbrt()

Cube Root

Returns the cube root of a number

sqrt(16) | 4
cbrt(343) | 7
square root of 81 | 9
cube root of 27 | 3

Nth root

root 5 of 100 | 2.5118864315

Logarithms

Function

Name

Behaviour

exp()

Exponential

Calculates the value of e to the power of x, where e is the base of the natural logarithm. exp(1) returns Euler's number.

ln()

Natural logarithm

The natural logarithm of a number is its logarithm to the base of the mathematical constant e.

log2()

Base 2 logarithm

Calculate the base 2 logarithm of a value

log(), log10()

Base 10 logarithm

Calculate the base 10 logarithm of a value

Log to any base

log 20 base 4 | 2.1609640474

Trigonometry

Function

Name

sin()

Calculate the sine of a value

sinh()

Calculate the hyperbolic sine of a value

asin()

Calculate the inverse sine of a value

asinh()

Calculate the hyperbolic arcsine of a value

cos()

Calculate the cosine of a value

cosh()

Calculate the hyperbolic cosine of a

acos()

Calculate the inverse cosine of a value

acosh()

Calculate the hyperbolic arccos of a value

tan()

Calculate the tangent of a value

tanh()

Calculate the hyperbolic tangent of a value

atan()

Calculate the inverse tangent of a value

atanh()

Calculate the hyperbolic arctangent of a value

Trigonometric functions assume a value in radians by default. If you want to use degrees, specify this in the parameter:

sin(90 degrees) // 1.0

sin(90) // 0.8939966636

Other

Function

Name

Behaviour

abs()

Absolute value

Finds the absolute value of a number (i.e makes a negative number positive)

pi or π

Pi

The number pi. I'm sure you've heard of it.